The government launched the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana on October 11, 2014. As he had said on Independence day, the goal of his scheme is to develop adarsh grams. So, by the end of 2019, Modi aims to develop 3 adarsh grams. Further, by the end of 2024, Centre is planning to develop 5 more adarsh grams.
As Mahatma Gandhi had said, building the infrastructure of the country is as important as the other values. Narendra Modi has followed his words and hence come up with this scheme. The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, which is also known as SAANJHI is a step towards improving rural India. The first thing that this scheme would do is to provide basic necessities to the rural population. And, the second focus is on providing good opportunities to the rural public so that they can study well. And as a result, add to country’s growth.
What are the Key Highlights of the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana?
- This yojana will develop the adarsh grams.
- First of all, government will assign 3 villages to each Member of Parliament. By 2019, they will develop these 3 villages. Further, in 2019, the government will assign them another 5 villages each. And they will develop them by 2024.
- So we can finally expect 8 model villages by 2024. The government aims to create 6433 Adarsh grams by the end of 2024 using this strategy.
- Development of villages means the social and economic development and also the infra-structure development.
- The scheme aims to develop the villages’ infrastructure.
- The government would provide basic necessities in the model villages which are not present currently.
- It is an approach that would assure the development of rural India. Rural India is an important part of the nation. Therefore we can expect the nation to grow by this scheme.
- Most of all, the scheme will focus on the participation from the people. They can tell directly to the gram panchayats what changes they want. As a result, this will be a good scheme.
What are the Key Objectives of the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana?
- The major objective is to develop the model villages. The Member of Parliaments would do this by implementing the existing schemes on a strict level. In addition to this, the government would also invite some new ideas.
- The ideas for one village might be different from those for some other village. It depends on the condition of one village and how it is different from the other. In some cases, ideas might be opposite of each other.
- The scheme is to create model villages, so that other local villages can get a key idea and develop themselves also.
According to the mission, the social and economic condition of villages will see an improvement. And as a result, we can extend this scheme to develop the entire nation.
You can read more about the development of India schemes here.
Who is Responsible for the Funding of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana?
An important point to note about this scheme is that the Centre has not given new funds for this scheme. Hence the big question is – Where would the funds come from? We need funds because we are talking about developing the model villages. So what is the source?
We can not see development without spending any money. So what will we do without funds. Well, the sources include the below.
- The existing development schemes would share their funds. There are some schemes under the Centre which are working fine. They have extra funds which can be used for new schemes.
- The revenue of the gram panchayat. Government would try to cover the expenses using the revenue of the village which is being developed. If it falls short, other ideas would also come into picture.
- The Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme, also known as MPLADS.
- Corporate Social Responsibility Funds
- Central and State Financial Commission Grants
How is the government planning to implement the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana?
Since it a big scheme, we need a proper plan to implement it. The government calls it a village development plan. The steps involved in implementing the scheme include
- Depending upon what resources are present in the village, village would prepare a list. This list will also consider what activities we need to perform. Further, it would list the to-do activities for one village.
- As per the list, the various key functionaries would take up their roles and responsibilities.
- National level functionaries include Member of Parliament and 2 committees which will be headed by Rural Development Minister and Rural development secretary. These functionaries would identify the village and plan out the development.
- Further they would arrange for funds and monitor the development as it happens. Reviewing the progress and checking for the problems also comes under these functionaries.
- State level functionaries include a committee whose head will be Chief Secretary. He would provide extra guidelines and review the plan on their part. They would not monitor but provide a basic idea to monitor properly.
- If there are any issues regarding the scheme, the state level functionaries would take them up. Further they would update the national level functionaries.
- District level functionaries include district collector. They would survey on a low level and prepare the plan. If there are any inter related schemes, district collector has the authority to converge them. Also, they will provide a monthly progress report to the government.
- Village level functionaries include gram panchayat and other village level functionaries. They will take up the lowest level implementation. And hence, they would be the ones who would identify what the village needs. They should definitely participate in the scheme to make it successful.
How would the Government Monitor the progress of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana?
The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is one of those schemes which we can monitor online. Further, it is the MPs’ responsibility to reach out to the web based monitoring systems. Also, they should check if the scheme is performing in an efficient manner.
Government will finally demand a quarterly report of the scheme. Also, an independent agency would inspect the working of the scheme after a year or so.